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The aim of the proposed project is to develop and test a village-level biosecurity system in Cambodia to address these priority constraints to improved livestock productivity.

Objective 1:
Improve the preventative management of diseases of economic importance limiting large ruminants, pig and poultry production by developing and implementing appropriate biosecurity interventions.
• Activity 1.1:
Conduct an inception workshop with key stakeholders from four project provinces to outline project objectives and identify appropriate villages
• Activity 1.2:
Conduct a desk-top review of known diseases of economic importance (including identifying and communicating with appropriate human health authorities specializing in zoonotic diseases) affecting rural households rearing livestock to develop a village-based biosecurity program specific for each site
• Activity 1.3:
Conduct a baseline KAP survey of farmers to establish disease status and current biosecurity practices in each province
• Activity 1.4:
Scale-out interventions from AH/2005/086 and AH/2006/159 as well as ‘one health’ interventions identified in Activity 1.2 to new project sites and scale-up to existing project sites as well as identify, implement and test disease risk management interventions such as obligatory quarantine, appropriate housing/fencing, disposal of dead animals and manure management to improve livestock health and biosecurity in each village
• Activity 1.5:
Develop a project website to provide disseminate project information to stakeholders

Objective 2:
Understand and improve livestock nutrition and reproductive management to improve rural livelihoods.
• Activity 2.1:
Conduct farmer baseline KAP survey to establish current nutrition and reproduction practices and their effect on livestock production and household income (survey to be conducted at the same time as Activity 1.3)
• Activity 2.2:
Implement and test suitable interventions such as target feeding, inter-rowing Stylo with grass species in forage plots, ‘spike feeding’, and improved heat detection to improve livestock productivity and reproductive performance
• Activity 2.3:
Conduct a longitudinal survey of project farmer livestock production to measure incremental gains following intervention introduction
• Activity 2.4:
Disseminate livestock production information to stakeholders via project website

Objective 3:
Identify and strengthen village disease surveillance, diagnosis, treatment, reporting and response capacity and progress towards emergency disease response capability for Cambodia.
• Activity 3.1:
Review livestock disease reports supplied to DAHP for project districts and/or provinces to understand the current official reporting and response capacity
• Activity 3.2:
Conduct baseline survey of VAHWs, district and provincial staff of livestock disease events based on the key diseases identified (Activity 1.2) as well as identify any other disease events/information that may have restricted livestock production and decreased household income
• Activity 3.3:
Develop and trial a disease report-response cascade system that includes disease recognition as well as sampling and submission to the NaVRI laboratory for diagnosis confirmation and response initiation
• Activity 3.4:
Conduct a survey of VAHWs, district and provincial staff to determine livestock disease events following introduction of a disease report-response cascade system
• Activity 3.5:
Communicate key information to stakeholders via use of the project website and a biosecurity manual for intervention scale-out

Objective 4:
Evaluate the socioeconomic and market access benefits for smallholder farmers from improved village-level biosecurity within Cambodia.
• Activity 4.1:
Conduct a baseline socioeconomic survey of project farmers (survey to be conducted at the same time as Activity 1.3) to establish market access and livestock income
• Activity 4.2:
Engage traders operating in project sites to determine the markets they are supplying and criteria for buying livestock as well as trial group marketing strategies where village farmers pool their confirmed disease free animals to encourage competition amongst traders
• Activity 4.3:
Conduct a survey of project farmer livestock production to measure incremental gains in market access and livestock income following intervention introduction
• Activity 4.4:
Combine data from all survey activities to assess the economic viability of biosecurity and production interventions as well as model the effect of disease vs. disease-free scenarios on household incomes
• Activity 4.5:
Communicate key information to stakeholders via use of the project website, and biosecurity manual for scale-out (as outlined in Activity 3.4).