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Program for farmer’s training course

There are five main parts in the training program: 1/ Main prophylaxis for controlling animal diseases; 2/ Infectious diseases in cattle and buffaloes; 3/ Parasitic diseases in cattle and buffaloes; 4/ Forage cultivation and management and 5/ Husbandry, breeding and reproduction.  Each part of the training program included the detail subjects as the followings:
 

I. Main prophylaxis for controlling animal diseases
 
 1. Good husbandry practices
 
 2. Nutrition
 
 3. Vaccination
 
 4. Bio-security
 
II. Infectious diseases in cattle and buffaloes
 
 1. Haemmorrhagic Septicemia (HS)
 
 2. Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
 3. Blackleg
 
 
III. Parasitic disease in cattle and buffaloes
 
1. Fasciolosis
 
2. Toxocariasis
 
3. Paramphistomiasis
 
4. Exto-parasites
 
           a/ Ticks
 
           b/ Flies
 
 
IV. Forage cultivation and management
1. Importance of the forage and nutrition
2. Selection site for cultivation
3. Land preparation
4. Seed preparation
5. Planting techniques
6. Forage management
          a/ soil and nutrition
          b/ Weeds control
          c/ Irrigation
          d/ Cut and feeding management
 
V. Husbandry, breeding and reproduction
     1. Husbandry
     2. Feeding and feeding management
     3. Breeding selection, breeding management
     4. Reproduction
 
The training program lasts 16 days duration.  The program is divided into 4 modules.  Each module last for 4 days, including the following topics:
 
Module 1 (four days)
1. Main prophylaxis for controlling animal diseases
  • Good husbandry practice
  • Vaccination
2. Infectious diseases in cattle and buffaloes
  • Heamorrhagic Septicemia
3. Parasitic diseases in cattle and buffaloes
  • Fasciolosis
  • Toxocariasis
4. Forage cultivation and management
Importance of the forage and nutrition
  • Forage management
  • soil and nutrition
  • Weeds control
  • Irrigation
  • Cut and feeding management
 
Module 2 four days)
1. Main prophylaxis for controlling animal diseases
  • Nutrition
  • Bio-security
2. Infectious diseases in cattle and buffaloes
  • Foot and Mouth Disease
3. Parasitic diseases in cattle and buffaloes
  • ParamphistomiasisExtoparasites
                a/ Ticks
                b/ Flies
 
4. Forage cultivation and management
  • Selection site for cultivation
  • Land preparation
  • Seed preparation
  • Planting techniques
 
Module 3 four days)
1. Nutrition
  • Feeding regime and feeding management
2. Infectious diseases in cattle and buffaloes
  • Control against :
                       - Haemmorrhagic Septicemia (HS)
                       - Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
                       - Blackleg
3. Parasitic diseases in cattle and buffaloes
  • Control against:
                     - Fasciolosis
                     - Toxocariasis
                     - Paramphistomiasis
                     - Exto-parasites
                            a/ Ticks
                            b/ Flies
4. Forage cultivation and management
  • Selection appropriated forage plants
  • Planting techniques
  • Forage management
  • soil and nutrition
  • Weeds control
  • Irrigation
  • Cut and feeding management
 
Module 4 (four days)
1. Husbandry
2. Feeding and feeding management
3. Breeding selection, breeding management
4. Reproduction
 
 
Detail draft content for the training course on animal diseases
Heamorrhagic Septicemia/FMD/Black leg (Example)
1. What and why disease occurred?
2. What are the symptoms of disease?
3. How to identify/recognize disease?
4. How could the disease spread?
5. What are the impacts if the disease occurred?
6. How to prevent the disease occurrence?
7. If the disease occurred, what should be done?
 
VISITS, MEETINS/WORKSHOPS AND TRAININGS
Visits
a/  Visit of the Australian team to Cambodia
The project leader, program Officer and scientists from Australia had visited Cambodia at least twice a year.  The purpose of the visits is to: 1/overseas the project,  2/jointly with the Cambodian project leader and project staff to develop and plan the project, 3/visit project locations, meet stakeholders and farmers and 4/ conduct workshops and training courses and 5/monitor and evaluation the project.
 
b/  Visit of MAFF,  DAHP and Stakeholders
There were 35 visits and 12 meetings had been conducted by leaders of MAFF, DAHP and relevant stakeholders during the implementation of the project. The minister, H.E Dr. Chan Sarun visited and presided over the farmers and VAHWs’s meetings 6 times and H.E Kao Phal visited the forage program 3 times.  Most important visits and meetings by leaders of MAFF and DAHP: 
  • H.E Dr. Chan Sarun, Minister MAFF, the ministry leaders and senior officers MAFF visited farmers’ forage plantation at Nor Mo village, Chheng Tong commune, Tramkok district, Takeo province in 2008.  
  • H.E Dr. Chan Sarun, Minister MAFF, the ministry leaders and senior officers MAFF visited farmers’ forage plantations at PreakPor village, TekVil commune, Saang district of Kandal province in 2009.  There were 120 farmers and 50 VAHWs participated the meeting.  
  • H.E Dr. Chan Sarun, Minister MAFF, the ministry leaders and senior officers MAFF visited farmers’ forage plantations at ChhengTong commune, Tramkok district of Takeo province in 2009.  There were 150 farmers and 100 VAHWs participated the meeting.  
  • H.E Dr. Chan Sarun, Minister MAFF, the ministry leaders and senior officers MAFF presided over the training course/meeting on forage program conducted for the VAHWs in Tramkok district, Takeo province in 2010. There were 200  VAHWs participated the training course/meeting.  
  • H.E Dr. Chan Sarun, Minister MAFF, the ministry leaders and senior officers MAFF visited farmers’ forage plantation at AngSra Lang village, Prey Chhor district, Kampong Cham province in July 2010.  The delegates also attended the farmers and VAHWs’ meeting during the visit.  There were 80 farmers and 300 VAHWs participated the meeting.
  • H.E Dr. Chan Sarun, Minister MAFF, the ministry leaders and senior officers MAFF visited farmers’ forage plantation (Mr. Chher Ben) at Kus commune, Tramkok district, Takeo province in August 2010.  The delegates also attended the farmers and VAHWs’ meeting during the visit.  There were 120 farmers and 150 VAHWs participated the meeting.
  • H.E. Kao Phal, Director DAHP, Directors and deputy directors of the Department of Agriculture in Kampong Cham, Kandal and Takeo attended the farmers’ meeting and visited the forage plots at Nor Mo village, Cheang Tong commune, TramKok district of Takeo province.  This event was also attended by veterinary and agricultural officers and local authority of these three provinces.
  • H.E. Kao Phal, Director DAHP, Directors and deputy directors Department of Agriculture, Chief offices of Animal Health and Production, district veterinary officers, key staff and local authority from provinces of Kampong Cham, Kandal and Takeo visited forage project sites and attended farmers’ meeting in Prey Chhor, Kampong Cham province.  
  • Farmers, veterinary district officers and local authority of Saang district, Kandal province, Tram Kok district of Takeo province and Prey Chhor district of Kampong Cham province visited forage demonstration plots in Prey Chhor district of Kampong Cham province.  The field visit was to introduced forage plants and its cultivation to them.
  • Farmers, veterinary district officers and local authority of Prey Chhor district of Kampong Cham province visited forage demonstration plots at Nor Mor village, Cheang Tong commune, Tram Kok district of Takeo province.  The field study conducted to exchange the experiences of farmers on forage cultivation and its management. 
  • Farmers, veterinary district officers and local authority of Saang district of Kandal province visited forage demonstration plots at Nor Mor village, Cheang Tong commune, Tram Kok district of Takeo province.  The field study conducted to exchange the experiences of farmers on forage cultivation and its management. 
  • OAHP of Kampong Cham, district and veterinary officers in Prey Chhor district, local authority and farmers of Prey Chhor district, Kampong Cham province visited forage plantations at Nor Mo, Tram kok, Takeo province.
  • Visits to the forage project sites at Nor Mo, Cheang Tong commune, Tram Kok district, Takeo province by various non government organizations:
                 - SLPP/EU project
                 - National biodigester program
  • VAHWs from Kampot province visited forage demonstration plots at Nor Mor village, Cheang Tong commune, TramKok district of Takeo province.  The field study conducted to experience on forage cultivation and its management. 
 
Workshop
The project conducted 7 workshops, attended by 253 various stakeholders as describing in points 1-7.  In addition, the project also sent the representatives to attend workshops, organized by other programs describing in point 8:
 
  1. The project start up workshop of the project on best practice health and husbandry of cattle, Cambodia, ACIAR, AH/2005/086
  2. Sharing knowledge on forage production technology meeting was conducted from 21-24 April 2008
  3. The annual meeting/workshop of the project “best practice health and husbandry of cattle, Cambodia, ACIAR, AH/2005/086” was conducted on 15 July 2009
  4. Workshop on  “Large Ruminant Nutrition”, conducted from 7-9 September 2009
  5. Learning Alliance Workshop on Forage and Cattle Nutrition: Organized by the ACIAR project, AH/2005/086, DAHP from 8-9 March 2010. On 8 March 2010
  6.  Workshop on “Reproduction workshop” was conducted from 10-12 March 2010
  7. Workshop on “Cattle nutrition” was conducted from 9-11 June 2010
  8. Firstand second Learning Alliance Workshop on Forage and Cattle Nutrition; Animal Movement Management in Lower Mekong; Animal Biosecurity Research in the Mekong: Future Direction for Research and Development etc.
 
There were 20 training courses conducted during the implementation of the project, including 16 conducted on:
    1/  Prophylaxis for controlling major animal diseases; 
    2/  Infectious diseases in cattle and buffalo; 
    3/  Parasitic diseases in cattle and buffaloes; 
    4/  Forage cultivation, management and silage production (4 times) and 
    5/  Husbandry, breeding and reproduction
 
The training courses were conducted mainly for the farmers and VAHW’s in target project provinces of Takeo, Kandal and Kampong Cham but were also extended to farmers and VAHW’s in Kampot.